Oil holds near $80 as Saudi Arabia plans output increase

01:16 - 22/10/2018
Economy

Oil hovered around $80 a barrel on Monday, lifted by a diplomatic crisis between Saudi Arabia and the West, just two weeks before U.S. sanctions potentially choke off Iranian crude supplies.

Saudi Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih told Russia‌s TASS news agency that his country had no intention of unleashing a 1973-style oil embargo on Western consumers, but rather was focused on raising output to compensate for supply losses elsewhere, such as Iran.

Several U.S. lawmakers have suggested imposing sanctions on Saudi Arabia over the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, while the kingdom, the world‌s largest oil exporter, pledged to retaliate against any sanctions with “bigger measures”.

Falih said Saudi Arabia would soon raise output to 11 million barrels per day (bpd) from the current 10.7 million. He added that Riyadh had capacity to increase output to 12 million bpd.

“The international pressure on the Saudi leadership remains in place, as does the possibility of sanctions,” Commerzbank said in a daily note.

Brent crude futures LCOc1 rose 16 cents to $79.94 a barrel by 1117 GMT, while U.S. crude futures CLc1 gained 10 cents to $69.22 a barrel.

“Politics are coming into the picture and maybe this is what (the Saudis) will do, but as far as next year‌s supply/demand balance is concerned, it‌s not justified for them to increase production,” PVM Oil Associates strategist Tamas Varga said.

U.S. sanctions on Iran‌s oil sector start on Nov. 4 and analysts believe up to 1.5 million bpd in supply could be at risk.

“The big unknown is how much Iranian oil will be off the market and we‌ll know in about a month‌s time. Then we‌ll have a clearer picture of what to expect for the first quarter of next year,” Varga said.

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries agreed in June to boost supply to make up for the expected disruption to Iranian exports.

However, an internal document reviewed by Reuters suggested OPEC is struggling to add barrels as an increase in Saudi supply was offset by declines elsewhere.

The outlook for demand next year, meanwhile, is deteriorating.

OPEC estimates demand for its crude will fall to an average of 31.8 million bpd next year, from an average 32.8 million bpd this year.

“The full impact of the U.S.-China trade war will hit markets in 2019 and could act as a considerable drag on oil demand next year,” Emirates NBD bank said in a note.

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